Mental Health and Education Staff Perspectives of Occupational Functioning of Court-Involved Youth with a History of Substance Use
Date of Award
MOT Group Research Project
Master of Occupational Therapy
Christine Raber, PHD, OTR/L
Barbara Warnock, DHSc, OTR/L
This mixed-methods descriptive survey study investigated the occupational functioning of court-involved youth with a history or risk of substance use, from the perspectives of mental health and education staff, within a rural, Mid-western county. Millions of Americans suffer from some form of substance use disorder (The National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2017). According to The National Survey on Drug and Health, 23% of the youth population have reportedly tried and illicit drug (SAMHSA, 2016) and as little as 10% of the youth population are receiving treatment (NIDA, 2014). The purpose of this study was to implement a mixed-methods design that aimed to understand the extent of occupational dysfunction among court involved youth with a history or risk of a substance use disorder as well as identify potential barriers as perceived by educational and mental health staff. The survey participants represented a convenience sample of eight education staff members (n=8) and five mental health staff members (n=5) with experience working with the targeted population. The results indicated trauma and a lack of parent or guardian supervision as common life stressors among youth with a history or risk of substance use and reported barriers to occupational functioning as a lack of parental support and lack of appropriate social engagement. Findings from the survey were consistent with established literature and provide insights into program development targeting the population of interest with regional specificity.
Keywords: occupational therapy, adjudicated youth, adolescents, adverse childhood experience, substance use
Approval has been obtained for this item.
Stone,, Mikel OTD, OTR/L; Kantor,, Adam B.S., S/OT; Bowen,, Bailey B.S., S/OT; Moore,, Hope B.S., S/OT; Dobrowolski,, Jacob B.A., S/OT; and DeLong,, Morgan B.S., S/OT, "Mental Health and Education Staff Perspectives of Occupational Functioning of Court-Involved Youth with a History of Substance Use" (2022). Occupational Therapy Research Projects. 12.
Available for download on Sunday, December 31, 2023