Anticipated Date of Graduation

Summer 2022

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Mathematical Sciences


Mathematical Sciences

First Advisor

Doug Darbro


As online learning becomes more popular, it is important to understand how it affects academic achievement. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted how schools operate tremendously, including an abrupt transition to online learning. The current study seeks to improve the understanding of how much this transition has affected students and their academic achievement. This study examines how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected ELA-II tenth grade test scores using socioeconomic status (SES), disability category, the type of instructional delivery in the 2020-2021 academic year, and ELA-I eighth grade test scores as predictor variables. The data was obtained from Rock Hill Local Schools, a school district in the Appalachian region of Ohio. The purpose of this study is to provide information about how factors regarding the COVID-19 pandemic have affected students’ ELA-II test scores. The results show that ELA-I test scores are a significant predictor of ELA-II test scores of tenth grade students during the 2020-2021 academic year. The results also show that the mean difference in ELA-II test scores between students whose instruction was delivered face-to-face and students whose instruction was delivered online for the 2020-2021 academic year was not statistically significant. This study found that the mean difference between ELA-II test scores for students with high SES and students with low SES was statistically significant. The results of this study imply that early test scores and SES have a significant impact on future test scores.